Be Fit Exercise is a treatment to all Orthopaedic Disorders Nutrition is a key to healthy lifestyle

January 28, 2014

DEFEATING ARTHRITIS

Arthritis is a form of joint disorder that involves inflammation of one or more joints. Most common type of arthritis is called osteoarthritis, also known as degenerative arthritis. it can be caused by an injury to the joint, infection of the joint, or age.
You are probably much too familiar with the symptoms of early morning stiffness, mildly swollen joints, an joint pain. Affecting men and women alike, it can involve every joint in the body, including the neck and the lower back. As arthritis gets worse, it can cause significant discomfort, pain and even disability.

Osteoarthritis is mainly a degeneration of cartilage in the joints. But it can also involve the synovial lining (the lining of the joint) and the underlying bone. As the joint cartilage begins to wear down, it causes increased stress to the bone. In response to this intensified stress, the bone actually becomes denser. It is very common to see bone spurs forming around the joint as a result. Since degenerative arthritis primarily involves the weight-bearing joints (hips and knees), repeated mechanical stress caused by excessive weight, trauma, or activity is contributor to the development and progression of this disease.
Causes of inflammation in our joints

Cytokines – these are some of the leading causes of joint inflammation. These proteins carry messages between cells and regulate immunity and inflammation. These are highly concentrated in the joints of people who have osteoarthritis.

Proteases enzymes – it causes the breakdown of proteins, also have been shown to create inflammation in the joint. Proteases are under the control of the cytokines. Some have anti-inflammatory qualities, and some have pro-inflammatory (inflammation-creating qualities. Clearly, in arthritis, the pro-inflammatory proteases are winning.

Phagocytes (neutrophils) – these are attached to the inflamed joint in an attempt to clear this reaction and prevent damage to the cartilage and synovial lining. But this inflammatory response is not always a good thing. Neutrophils can actually lead to more inflammation in the joint.

How does the cartilage degenerate?

The ischemia-reperfusion phenomenon is a process that sounds difficult but actually is simple. As we use a weight-bearing joint like a hip or knee, the pressure created by our weight when we walk, or especially when we run, blocks the blood flow to the cartilage. This is known as ischemia or lack of blood supply. When we take our weight off the joint, the pressure lessens and blood is allowed to return to the cartilage (this is called reperfusion). This process, as well as the sources of inflammation, causes excessive production of free radicals. In turn, the free radicals heavily tax the anti-oxidant defense system and cause oxidative stress.
When the anti-oxidants defense system is overwhelmed, oxidative stress within the joint causes damage to the cartilage and synovial lining of the joint. When the body cannot rebuild cartilage fast enough, the joint begins to deteriorate.

Antioxidants Supplements

Strong evidence exists that patients who suffer from arthritis are deficient in several antioxidants and supporting nutrients such as vitamin D, vitamin C, Vitamin E, boron (a mineral), and vitamin B3. You need to supply all these antioxidants at optimal levels in an attempt to bring oxidative stress under control.

Food rich in vitamin C are parsley, broccoli, bell pepper, strawberries, orange, lemon, kiwi, mango, Brussels sprouts.

Food rich in vitamin D sunlight, milk, whole egg yolk, oily fish, liver.

Food rich in vitamin E are vegetable oils, cereals, meat, poultry, eggs, avocado, soya bean, tofu, sweet potato and wheat germ oil.

Food rich in vitamin B3  are yeast, bran of wheat and rice, fish (tuna, salmon), liver, paprika, peanuts, sundried tomato, nuts, milk, eggs, chicken breast.

Food rich in boron are almonds, walnuts, avocados, broccoli, potatoes, pears, prunes, honey, oranges, onions, chick peas, carrots, beans, bananas, red grapes, red apples and raisins.


Glucosamine Sulfate
Glucosamine is one of the basic nutrients for the synthesis of cartilage. It is a simple amino sugar that is the primary building block of proteoglycans, which are the molecules that give cartilage its elasticity. Unlike aspirin and NSAIDs, glucosamine does not simply cover up the pain but rather helps to build the damage cartilage.

Chondroitin Sulfate
Chondroitin sulfate is often combined with glucosamine sulfate to create a one-two punch. It makes up part of the proteoglycans and is responsible for attracting water into the cartilage. This makes the cartilage more pliable and spongy. Without this important nutrient the cartilage becomes drier and more fragile.



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